The Ultimate List Of STEM Activities For Kindergarten Students

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The first few years of a child’s life are crucial in determining their future and to a large extent chart the course of their life. Parents and educators are the biggest influencers who provide the environment and stimulus for a healthy mind and body. While the present education system lays stress on developing a child’s linguistic skills, the efforts to develop logical reasoning and innovation leave much to be desired for.

Why are STEM Activities Important in Kindergarten?

Children enter school at the age of 3-4 and this is when their brains are developing at a rapid pace. The importance of creative efforts during these early stages of academics surpasses the common expectation. Children have to be taught how to be original and imaginative in order to grow and move forward in the world today because of the tech revolution. This is the reason STEM education needs to be incorporated into the curriculum. In today’s time, it is the key to students’ growth and development. It is crucial that the seeds of creativity and innovation be sown at this early stage so that the child grows up not only to be a rational adult but also speeds the development of ideas. STEM is a way for students to be able to put these ideas forward.

Best STEM Activities for Kindergarten Students

We have gleaned the following activities to aid you in designing STEM-based activities for your kids and most important, have fun:

Image Courtesy: The STEM Laboratory
Materials Required
  • Food colouring
  • Water
  • A clear jar
  • Shaving cream
  • Plastic pipettes
Method
  1. First, mix a few drops of food colouring into some water and set it aside.
  2. This is our “rain”.Next, fill the glass jar about 3/4 of the way full of cool water.
  3. Then, make a fluffy “cloud” on top of the water using shaving cream.
  4. Now, ask the child to suck up some of the coloured water into her pipette and then gently squirt it on top of our shaving cream cloud.
  5. Upon repeated squirting, the cloud becomes heavier.
  6. Now, wait. After a few minutes, the first drop of rain can be observed.
Science Behind it

Clouds are formed when water vapour rises into the air and condenses onto tiny particles of dust. When billions of these droplets come together, a visible cloud form. Over time, the droplets and crystals that make up a cloud can attract more water to themselves. When water droplets grow heavy enough, gravity pulls them down like raindrops.

Image Courtesy: Schooling Active Monkeys
Materials Required
  • Eggshells
  • Grass seeds (or other seeds of small plants)
  • Soil (potting soil or you can use dirt from your yard)
  • Hot glue gun and glue sticks
  • Wax paper
  • Magnifying glass
Method
  1. The first step is to remove the egg from the shell. Then, rinse and dry the eggshells.
  2. Stick the eggshell into a glob of glue before it is dry.
  3. Put dirt inside the eggs and sprinkle with seeds. Dampen the seeds and place in a sunny spot (or in different spots if you are comparing growing conditions).
  4. Wait for seeds to sprout. You should start to see sprouts within a week.
  5. After a few weeks, your spouts will be growing nicely. Examine them with a magnifying glass. Look at the sprouts and the roots and compare textures and discuss why plants have these parts and what they use them for.
Science Behind it

Seed generation depends on a variety of internal and external factors. They may grow differently if certain factors vary such as sunlight, moisture, soil contents, etc. It helps the kids to understand how natural conditions affect a plant’s development and the concept of optimum conditions.

Image Courtesy: Playdough to PLATO
Materials Required
  • Gummy Worms
  • Baking Soda
  • Vinegar
  • Cutting Board
  • Sharp Knife
  • 2 Clear Cups
Method
  1. Cut the Gummy bears in quarters.
  2. Measure out 3 tablespoons of baking soda and stir them into a glass filled with 1 cup of warm water.
  3. Wait for 15 minutes for the worms to soak in the baking soda mixture. Meanwhile, fill the second clear glass with vinegar.
  4. After 15 minutes are over fish the gummy bears out with a fork and place them carefully in the vinegar.
  5. After a few second the worms will be covered in enough bubbles that they will start rising from the bottom, writhing their way to the surface.
Science Behind it

When you add the worms soaked in baking soda, the acetic acid in the vinegar reacts with the bicarbonate in the baking soda.  When an acid and base react carbon dioxide gas bubbles form. These gas bubbles form on the gummy worm and as the gas bubbles rise to the surface, they pull the gummy worm up with them, making them wriggle and dance.  As the gas bubbles burst, the worm falls back down until enough bubbles form to pull it back up. The bubbles will continue to form until all the baking soda on the worm is used up and the worm will stop wiggling.

We hope that kids will enjoy these simple and fun-filled activities designed to boost their creativity and knowledge.

In A Nutshell

It is important that a kid develops an aptitude for practical knowledge as the later education system tends to lean towards theoretical knowledge and it is only an inherent desire to learn which enables a kid to apply her knowledge into practice. The main driving force behind conducting these activities is to instil in children the curiosity and passion imperative for science, technology, engineering and medicine.

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